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Gain-of-function mutations in a member of the Src family kinases cause autoinflammatory bone disease in mice and humans.

TitleGain-of-function mutations in a member of the Src family kinases cause autoinflammatory bone disease in mice and humans.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsAbe, Koichiro, Cox Allison, Takamatsu Nobuhiko, Velez Gabriel, Laxer Ronald M., Tse Shirley M. L., Mahajan Vinit B., Bassuk Alexander G., Fuchs Helmut, Ferguson Polly J., and de Angelis Martin Hrabe
JournalProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Date Published2019 Jun 11

Autoinflammatory syndromes are characterized by dysregulation of the innate immune response with subsequent episodes of acute spontaneous inflammation. Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder that presents with bone pain and localized swelling. mice, isolated from a mutagenesis screen, exhibit a spontaneous inflammatory paw phenotype that includes sterile osteomyelitis and systemic reduced bone mineral density. To elucidate the molecular basis of the disease, positional cloning of the causative gene for was attempted. Using a candidate gene approach, a missense mutation in the C-terminal region of , a member of Src family tyrosine kinases (SFKs), was identified. For functional confirmation, additional mutations at the N terminus of were introduced in mice by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing. N-terminal deleterious mutations of abolished the inflammatory phenotype in mice, but in-frame and missense mutations in the same region continue to exhibit the phenotype. The fact that null mutant mice are morphologically normal suggests that the inflammation in this model depends on Fgr products. Furthermore, the levels of C-terminal negative regulatory phosphorylation of Fgr are distinctly reduced compared with that of wild-type Fgr. In addition, whole-exome sequencing of 99 CRMO patients including 88 trios (proband and parents) identified 13 patients with heterozygous coding sequence variants in , including two missense mutant proteins that affect kinase activity. Our results strongly indicate that gain-of-function mutations in are involved in sterile osteomyelitis, and thus targeting SFKs using specific inhibitors may allow for efficient treatment of the disease.

Alternate JournalProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PubMed ID31138708
PubMed Central IDPMC6575637
Grant ListR01 AR059703 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States
T32 GM007337 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States