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Management of Pediatric Aphakic Glaucoma With Vitrectomy and Tube Shunts.

TitleManagement of Pediatric Aphakic Glaucoma With Vitrectomy and Tube Shunts.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsElshatory, Yasser M., Gauger Elizabeth H., Kwon Young H., Alward Wallace L. M., H Boldt Culver, Russell Stephen R., and Mahajan Vinit B.
JournalJ Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus
Date Published2016 Nov 01
KeywordsAdolescent, Aphakia, Postcataract, Cataract, Cataract Extraction, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Glaucoma, Glaucoma Drainage Implants, Humans, Infant, Intraocular Pressure, Male, Retrospective Studies, Visual Acuity, Vitrectomy

PURPOSE: To review the impact of vitrectomy and tube shunts on mean intraocular pressure (IOP) and number of glaucoma medications in pediatric aphakic glaucoma.

METHODS: A retrospective review of pediatric patients who underwent combined vitrectomy and glaucoma tube shunt surgery for aphakic glaucoma was conducted. Inclusion criteria were: age 18 years or younger, diagnosis of aphakic glaucoma, preoperative IOP data, and postoperative IOP data for at least 6 months. Mean IOP lowering at 1 year, number of glaucoma medications at 1 year, and surgical complications, including tube occlusion in the postoperative period, were noted.

RESULTS: The mean ± standard deviation preoperative IOP was 33.9 ± 10.6 mm Hg (range: 18 to 57 mm Hg) with a mean of three topical IOP-lowering medications. A total of 5 (36%) Ahmed and 9 (64%) Baerveldt tube shunts were placed. One of the Baerveldt tube shunt procedures was combined with revision of a traumatically dislocated tube. The mean IOP at 12 months postoperatively was 16.6 ± 5.8 mm Hg (range: 6 to 28 mm Hg; P < .01, t = 3.74, df = 13) with a mean of 2.3 glaucoma medications. There were no cases of tube occlusion, corneal decompensation, endophthalmitis, or retinal detachment over the 12 months of follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Combined vitrectomy and placement of a glaucoma tube shunt can be safe and effective in lowering IOP based on mean IOP values and number of glaucoma medications at 1 year. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016;53(6):339-343.].

Alternate JournalJ Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus
PubMed ID27668871