Researchers have found the existence of a new, rare inherited retinal disease. Now the search is on to find the genetic cause, which investigators hope will increase understanding of more common retinal diseases.
The findings appeared in the Archives of Ophthalmology.
The macula, located within the retina, is an area of high-resolution central vision that is needed to read and drive, for example. This area is damaged in more common retinal conditions such as macular degeneration and can be damaged by diabetes.
“It is rare to find a new inherited eye disease that affects the macula. We thought we had seen them all,” said the study’s lead author Vinit Mahajan, M.D., Ph.D., an Associate Professor of Ophthalmology at Stanford University and former faculty member at the Univeristy of Iowa.
“This newly found retinal disease causes abnormal blood vessels in the macula, and these vessels are prone to bleeding. This causes swelling or scars that ‘black out’ or blur parts of the field of vision,” said Mahajan, who also is currently a retinal specialist at the Byers Eye Institute at Stanford Univeristy.
The finding came about when a family in the United States sought care for eye problems. “If a doctor saw just one family member, they would probably call this macular degeneration. We knew there was something different, and we had to examine the whole family,” Mahajan said.
The team assessed 20 extended family members who were not blind but had visual problems of different severities. Some family members also had areas of central vision loss, and some family members had strabismus, a disorder in which the eyes are not aligned.
Mahajan presented the findings at international meetings of retinal specialists in Arizona, Florida, and London. The investigators are now working with researchers worldwide to determine if other people have this particular disease.
“Through our paper and by sharing pictures of what the affected eye looks like, we hope to find more people affected,” Mahajan said. “We also will work to find the gene that causes the condition. This information could be very useful in eventually preventing or treating this and other diseases that affect the macula.”